You are here

Applied Anatomy for Postgraduate 24 Lecture and Practice

Introduction

  1. Define and discuss the anatomical position and commonly used anatomical terms
  2. Describe the basic structure of a spinal nerve and the termination of each type of nerve  fibers; motor, sensory & sympathetic
  3. Describe the basic structure of skeletal muscles
  4. Define and discuss origin, insertion, agonist antagonist & synergist in relation to skeletal muscle function
  5. Describe the basic structure of fibrous, cartilagenous and synovial joints
  6. List the beginning and termination of the major arteries of the human body
  7. Describe the basic microscopic structure of a coronary artery and compare it with an
  8. atheromatous artery
  9. List five risk factors for the development of atherosclerosis
  10. List three specific sites where there is a predilection to develop atheroma
  11. List at least two clinical sequelae of atherosclerosis
  12. Define superficial vein, deep vein(s), perforators
  13. Explain the pathophysiology of primary and secondary varicose veins
  14. List four risk factors for the development of deep venous thrombosis (DVT)

 

Upper Limb

  1. Describe the general features of the bones of the upper limb
  2. Describe the beginning and termination of the arteries and veins of the upper limb
  3. Describe the common sites for feeling pulsations in the upper limb
  4. Describe the anatomy (origin, insertion, action and nerve supply) of few muscles that help you to interpret the signs of injury to the radial ulnar and median nerves.  These muscles are the following: biceps & triceps brachii, pronator teres & quadratus, flexor digitorum superficialis and profundus, extensor digitorum, lumbricals & interossei, opponens pollicis, adductor pollicis
  5. Define and discuss:  wrist drop, Ape hand and claw hand, carpal tunnel syndrome
  6. Discuss the anatomy of the shoulder joint in relation to dislocation and recurrent  Dislocation.
  7. Describe anatomical mechanisms responsible for producing thoracic outlet   compression syndrome and Differentiate from Raynaud's syndrome

 

Lower Limb

  1. Describe the general features of the bones of the lower limb
  2. Describe the beginning and termination of the arteries and veins of the lower limb
  3. Describe the common sites for feeling pulsations in the lower limb
  4. Describe the anatomy of the quadriceps femoris muscle and hamstring muscles
  5. Describe the anatomy of the sciatic nerve
  6. Describe the compartments of the leg and study the anatomy of certain muscles that help you to interpret the signs of injury to the common peroneal nerve
  7. Define and discuss footdrop, calcaneovalgus
  8. Describe the pathophysiology of intermittent claudication: differentiate this symptom from  leg pain due to other causes
  9. List criteria to help differentiate venous, arterial & Diabetic ulcers
  10. List and discuss the factors in a patient  medical history that might indicate peripheral vascular occlusive disease
  11. Describe the dermatomes and discuss their clinical application
  12. Describe the causes of acute arterial occlusion and differentiate embolic occlusion and thrombotic occlusion

 

Central Nervous System

  1. Identify the major parts of the brain
  2. Describe the major components of the midbrain, pons, medulla oblongata, thalamus &  Hypothalamus
  3. List the major sulci and gyri of the cerebral cortex
  4. List and discuss the functions of the major functional areas of the cerebral cortex (area 4,  6, 3. 1, 2, primary auditory and visual areas)
  5. Describe the stretch reflex and its clinical applications
  6. Describe the major motor pathways (pyramidal & extrapyramidal)
  7. Describe the pathophysiology of spastic and flaccid paralysis
  8. Describe the major sensory pathways (Anterolateral and dorsal column systems)
  9. Differentiate cerebellar and sensory ataxia
  10. Describe the components and effects of lesion in the cranial nerves

 

Autonomic Nervous System

  1. Describe thoraco-lumbar and cranio-sacral outflows
  2. Differentiate preganglionic and postganglionic fibres
  3. Describe the location and mechanism of action of autonomic Receptors

Endocrine System

  1. Describe the anatomy and functional significance of the hypothalamo-hypophyseal tract
  2. Describe the gross anatomy and microscopic structure of the principal endocrine glands

Genital System

Describe the gross anatomy of the genital system in the male and female.